Thursday, January 18, 2007

Addiction Is A Genetic Disease

Surprisingly the NIDA says “addiction” is a genetic disease triggered by environmental factors. They had to be dragged kicking and screaming to this conclusion. It was pretty much established science by the time they allowed as how it might be true.

Here is what they have to say:

Evidence from adoption and twin studies and from animal models suggests that vulnerability to addiction has a moderate to high heritable component. The gene variants underlying increased vulnerability to addiction are unknown, but new advances in science and technology will facilitate the identification and characterization of these gene variants. Like many other psychiatric illnesses, drug abuse and dependence comprise a complex set of genetic disorders lacking a simple pattern of Mendelian inheritance. Multiple genes with relatively small effects are likely to influence vulnerability to addiction, gene x environment x development interactions appear to play significant roles in mediating outcomes, and there may be no simple correspondence between current phenotypes and the genotype(s). Therefore, a broad range of scientific approaches will be needed to elucidate the role and identity of genetic factors in drug abuse vulnerability.
So I wrote a letter to the NIDA asking what I think is the critical question:
It is pretty well established (at least anecdotally) that besides a genetic base, addiction requires an environmental trigger. It appears that that trigger is trauma that generates an intense emotional reaction.

Here is one anecdote that I received today at my blog:
I was a heavy user of hard drugs for a long time, and know many people in the situation. Having some sort of unpleasant past or fractured personality was an almost universal factor- long before most of these people ever started using drugs- physical detox fails because leaves underlying psychological factors intact (in many cases I don't think people can ever really be "cured" anyway). The war on drugs has made criminals people who are mostly either looking for relaxation/stress relief, or escaping some form of psychic torment. oh- Literally every female junkie I've met had either been raped or molested.

Is Addiction Real?
This fits in well with the work of Dr. Lonnie Schavelson who wrote a book on his findings.

Social studies of actual users could put definitive numbers to these anecdotes.

Are any such studies being done in conjunction with the genetic studies?
In any case we know that the genetic factor is an important component. Why doesn’t the NIDA trumpet this? Well it hardly helps the drug war to think of it as a scheme for genetic discrimination and persecuting the tormented.

Cross Posted at Classical Values

5 comments:

Anonymous said...

I abused pot, alcohol, and tobacco. The pot and alcohol were not addictive to me, but quitting tobacco was hell. This fits with the behavior of other family members; heavy smokers and drinkers, but no alcoholics or pot heads.

M. Simon said...

If you do a little research on the genetics, you will find different genes involved.

Here is a bit to get you startrd.

Genetic Discrimination

Looking to Quit said...

Another good article which looks at whether or not addiction is a disease: http://www.myaddiction.com/education/articles/addiction_disease.html

M. Simon said...

LTQ,

I looked at your article and it was total crap.

Not one single mention of self-medication.

Most emphasis is on drugs as a "moral" problem. You might just as well say insulin addicts have a moral problem.

Marcus said...

We have an interesting discussion going on this topic at:

http://www.surveymagnet.com/2010/07/is-drug-abuse-a-crime-or-disease/

Come join the discussion.